La banque centrale indienne RBI discute de la monnaie numérique et du lancement de la CBDC avec un impact minimal sur la politique monétaire

India's Central Bank RBI Discusses Digital Currency and CBDC Launch With Minimal Impact on Monetary Policy

Inde’s central bank, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), says a basic central bank digital currency (CBDC) model must be adopted initially and tested comprehensively to minimize the impact on the countrys monetary policy and banking system. The Indian apex bank sees several benefits in launching a digital rupee, comprenant “a potential to enhance the efficiency of cross-border payments.

RBI Outlines Benefits of Issuing Digital Currency and How to Launch a CBDC With Minimal Impact

La Banque de réserve de l'Inde (RBI) released itsReport on Trend and Progress of Banking in India 2020-21Tuesday. The 248-page report has a section on central bank digital currency.

In its basic form, a central bank digital currency (CBDC) provides a safe, robust, and convenient alternative to physical cash,” the Indian central bank described, adding thatDepending on various design choices, it can also assume the complex form of a financial instrument.The RBI continued:

In comparison with existing forms of money, it can offer benefits to users in terms of liquidity, scalability, acceptance, ease of transactions with anonymity and faster settlement.

The Indian central bank noted that there arecrucial questionsabout the design of a central bank digital currency that must be answered before introducing it. Par exemple, one issue iswhether the CBDC would be general purpose and available for retail use (CBDC-R), or would it be for wholesale use (CBDC-W).”

The RBI stressed thatin a country like India, the decision about distribution architecture, i.e., whether CBDC would be issued directly by the central bank or through commercial banks, needs to be carefully weighed.

Noting that gauging the magnitude of issuance and distribution will help identifythe appropriate underlying technology best suited to handle such operations,” the apex bank detailed:

Given its dynamic impact on macroeconomic policy making, it is necessary to adopt basic models initially, and test comprehensively so that they have minimal impact on monetary policy and the banking system.

In discussing the role of a central bank digital currency in cross-border transactions, the RBI stated thatIntroduction of the CBDC has a potential to enhance the efficiency of cross-border payments and may provide an alternative to correspondent banks, going forward.The report elaborates:

Inde’s progress in payment systems will provide a useful backbone to make a state-of-the-art CBDC available to its citizens and financial institutions.

Entre-temps, RBI Governor Shaktikanta Das has repeatedly said that the central bank has serious and major concerns regarding cryptocurrency. At its recent meeting of the central board of directors, the RBI called on the Indian government to impose a complete ban sur la crypto-monnaie, stating that a partial ban will not work. Nonetheless, the government is reportedly planning to regulate crypto assets with the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) as the main regulator.

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